Green Tariffs

There has been confusion about whether purchasing green tariff electricity entitles the purchaser to claim zero or low emissions from their electricity consumption. This briefing note explains why, for the purposes of greenhouse emissions reporting, green tariffs generally do not entitle the purchaser to claim zero or low emissions.

Federal, Regional and Provincial Climate Change Policy and Legislation in Canada

The Voluntary Challenge and Registry (VCR) is a government‐funded program that encourages organizations in the public and private sectors to voluntarily limit and reduce GHG emissions, and report annually on emission totals and reduction measures. The VCR was highlighted as the key element of the federal government’s National Action Program on Climate Change. However, though […]

A Practical Approach for Policies to Address GHG Emissions from Indirect Land Use Change Associated with Biofuels

Recent estimates of indirect land use change impacts associated with biofuel expansion have used forward-casting models to predict the effects of changes in feedstock use upon agricultural commodity markets and land use decisions. The predictive reliability of such models is highly questionable and their application provides a limited basis for practical solutions either by the […]

Consequential and Attributional Approaches to LCA: a Guide to Policy Makers with Specific Reference to Greenhouse Gas LCA of Biofuels

Policies for supporting biofuels, such as the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive RED, the Renewable Fuel Standard in the US, and the UK’s Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO), require life cycle carbon reporting to ensure that biofuels achieve greenhouse gas reductions relative to fossil fuels. These policies tend not to distinguish between two types of life […]

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